NOTE: Until I finish organizing the information for a presentation I am doing to our Language and Literacy faculty on Feb 1, I will put all the information I am finding under Language Arts. I am going to ask the faculty members the proper breakdown of the terms I should use. I want to be consistent with the terms future teachers are learning to use! SWQ

Language Arts
- Spelling
English (literature? also children's literature?)
Foreign Languages -- later


"Reading is a complex cognitive process of decoding symbols in order to construct or derive meaning (reading comprehension). It is a means of language acquisition, of communication, and of sharing information and ideas. Like all language, it is a complex interaction between the text and the reader which is shaped by the reader’s prior knowledge, experiences, attitude, and language community which is culturally and socially situated. The reading process requires continuous practice, development, and refinement." *

Not all individuals learning to read or to improve their reading skills have the same "prior knowledge, experience, attitude, language community" - and abilities. Teachers can use a variety of tools and techniques with all their students to provide options for the learners.

Source:Wikipedia: Reading (process)


"Writing is the representation of language in a textual medium through the use of a set of signs or symbols (known as a writing system). It is distinguished from illustration, such as cave drawing and painting, and non-symbolic preservation of language via non-textual media, such as magnetic tape audio. *

Sometimes it's a good idea to allow students to demonstrate their their knowledge or skills through artwork, audio tapes, video or a presentation. Giving options like this to all learners allows everyone to shine!

Source:Wikipedia Writing


"Spelling is both a visual and auditory skill. Some words are spelled phonetically by using auditory processing skills, phonemic awareness skills and phonics to determine the correct letter/sound association as in the word “dog.” Other words are not phonetically based and children must rely on their visual skills for symbol imagery to determine how the word “looks” as in the word “they.”

"The primary purpose of spelling words is to increase one’s ability for expression through writing."


"A foreign language is a language indigenous to another country. It is also a language not spoken in the native country of the person referred to ... Some children learn more than one language from birth or from a very young age: they are bilingual or multilingual. These children can be said to have two, three or more mother tongues: neither language is foreign to that child, even if one language is a foreign language for the vast majority of people in the child's birth country." *

Many individuals of all ages struggle learning a new language. Even people who do not have a disability may have difficulty reading, writing or speaking a second language. It is a good idea to offer options to all learners.

Source::Wikipedia: Foreign Language